01289nas a2200205 4500008004100000245007500041210006900116260001300185490000800198520067800206100002100884700001900905700002200924700001700946700001500963700001900978700002500997700002401022856003701046 2013 eng d00aQuantum Catalysis of Magnetic Phase Transitions in a Quantum Simulator0 aQuantum Catalysis of Magnetic Phase Transitions in a Quantum Sim c2013/9/50 v1113 a We control quantum fluctuations to create the ground state magnetic phases of
a classical Ising model with a tunable longitudinal magnetic field using a
system of 6 to 10 atomic ion spins. Due to the long-range Ising interactions,
the various ground state spin configurations are separated by multiple
first-order phase transitions, which in our zero temperature system cannot be
driven by thermal fluctuations. We instead use a transverse magnetic field as a
quantum catalyst to observe the first steps of the complete fractal devil's
staircase, which emerges in the thermodynamic limit and can be mapped to a
large number of many-body and energy-optimization problems.
1 aRicherme, Philip1 aSenko, Crystal1 aKorenblit, Simcha1 aSmith, Jacob1 aLee, Aaron1 aIslam, Rajibul1 aCampbell, Wesley, C.1 aMonroe, Christopher uhttp://arxiv.org/abs/1303.6983v2