Canonical forms for single-qutrit Clifford+T operators

TitleCanonical forms for single-qutrit Clifford+T operators
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsGlaudell, AN, Ross, NJ, Taylor, JM
JournalAnnals of Physics
Date Published8/19/2019

We introduce canonical forms for single qutrit Clifford+T circuits and prove that every single-qutrit Clifford+T operator admits a unique such canonical form. We show that our canonical forms are T-optimal in the sense that among all the single-qutrit Clifford+T circuits implementing a given operator our canonical form uses the least number of T gates. Finally, we provide an algorithm which inputs the description of an operator (as a matrix or a circuit) and constructs the canonical form for this operator. The algorithm runs in time linear in the number of T gates. Our results provide a higher-dimensional generalization of prior work by Matsumoto and Amano who introduced similar canonical forms for single-qubit Clifford+T circuits.