Development of Quantum InterConnects for Next-Generation Information Technologies

TitleDevelopment of Quantum InterConnects for Next-Generation Information Technologies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsAwschalom, D, Berggren, KK, Bernien, H, Bhave, S, Carr, LD, Davids, P, Economou, SE, Englund, D, Faraon, A, Fejer, M, Guha, S, Gustafsson, MV, Hu, E, Jiang, L, Kim, J, Korzh, B, Kumar, P, Kwiat, PG, Lončar, M, Lukin, MD, Miller, DAB, Monroe, C, Nam, SWoo, Narang, P, Orcutt, JS
Date Published12/13/2019

Just as classical information technology rests on a foundation built of interconnected information-processing systems, quantum information technology (QIT) must do the same. A critical component of such systems is the interconnect, a device or process that allows transfer of information between disparate physical media, for example, semiconductor electronics, individual atoms, light pulses in optical fiber, or microwave fields. While interconnects have been well engineered for decades in the realm of classical information technology, quantum interconnects (QuICs) present special challenges, as they must allow the transfer of fragile quantum states between different physical parts or degrees of freedom of the system. The diversity of QIT platforms (superconducting, atomic, solid-state color center, optical, etc.) that will form a quantum internet poses additional challenges. As quantum systems scale to larger size, the quantum interconnect bottleneck is imminent, and is emerging as a grand challenge for QIT. For these reasons, it is the position of the community represented by participants of the NSF workshop on Quantum Interconnects that accelerating QuIC research is crucial for sustained development of a national quantum science and technology program. Given the diversity of QIT platforms, materials used, applications, and infrastructure required, a convergent research program including partnership between academia, industry and national laboratories is required. This document is a summary from a U.S. National Science Foundation supported workshop held on 31 October - 1 November 2019 in Alexandria, VA. Attendees were charged to identify the scientific and community needs, opportunities, and significant challenges for quantum interconnects over the next 2-5 years.