Machine-assisted discovery of integrable symplectic mappings

TitleMachine-assisted discovery of integrable symplectic mappings
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsZolkin, T, Kharkov, Y, Nagaitsev, S
Date Published3/22/2022
KeywordsAccelerator Physics (physics.acc-ph), Adaptation and Self-Organizing Systems (nlin.AO), Exactly Solvable and Integrable Systems (nlin.SI), FOS: Physical sciences

We present a new automated method for finding integrable symplectic maps of the plane. These dynamical systems possess a hidden symmetry associated with an existence of conserved quantities, i.e. integrals of motion. The core idea of the algorithm is based on the knowledge that the evolution of an integrable system in the phase space is restricted to a lower-dimensional submanifold. Limiting ourselves to polygon invariants of motion, we analyze the shape of individual trajectories thus successfully distinguishing integrable motion from chaotic cases. For example, our method rediscovers some of the famous McMillan-Suris integrable mappings and discrete Painlevé equations. In total, over 100 new integrable families are presented and analyzed; some of them are isolated in the space of parameters, and some of them are families with one parameter (or the ratio of parameters) being continuous or discrete. At the end of the paper, we suggest how newly discovered maps are related to a general 2D symplectic map via an introduction of discrete perturbation theory and propose a method on how to construct smooth near-integrable dynamical systems based on mappings with polygon invariants.