Non-local propagation of correlations in long-range interacting quantum systems

TitleNon-local propagation of correlations in long-range interacting quantum systems
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsRicherme, P, Gong, Z-X, Lee, A, Senko, C, Smith, J, Foss-Feig, M, Michalakis, S, Gorshkov, AV, Monroe, C
Pages198 - 201
Date Published2014/7/9

The maximum speed with which information can propagate in a quantum many-body
system directly affects how quickly disparate parts of the system can become
correlated and how difficult the system will be to describe numerically. For
systems with only short-range interactions, Lieb and Robinson derived a
constant-velocity bound that limits correlations to within a linear effective
light cone. However, little is known about the propagation speed in systems
with long-range interactions, since the best long-range bound is too loose to
give the correct light-cone shape for any known spin model and since analytic
solutions rarely exist. In this work, we experimentally determine the spatial
and time-dependent correlations of a far-from-equilibrium quantum many-body
system evolving under a long-range Ising- or XY-model Hamiltonian. For several
different interaction ranges, we extract the shape of the light cone and
measure the velocity with which correlations propagate through the system. In
many cases we find increasing propagation velocities, which violate the
Lieb-Robinson prediction, and in one instance cannot be explained by any
existing theory. Our results demonstrate that even modestly-sized quantum
simulators are well-poised for studying complicated many-body systems that are
intractable to classical computation.

Short TitleNature