Photon storage in Lambda-type optically dense atomic media. I. Cavity model

TitlePhoton storage in Lambda-type optically dense atomic media. I. Cavity model
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsGorshkov, AV, Andre, A, Lukin, MD, Sorensen, AS
JournalPhysical Review A
Date Published2007/9/7

In a recent paper [Gorshkov et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 123601 (2007)], we
used a universal physical picture to optimize and demonstrate equivalence
between a wide range of techniques for storage and retrieval of photon wave
packets in Lambda-type atomic media in free space, including the adiabatic
reduction of the photon group velocity, pulse-propagation control via
off-resonant Raman techniques, and photon-echo-based techniques. In the present
paper, we perform the same analysis for the cavity model. In particular, we
show that the retrieval efficiency is equal to C/(1+C) independent of the
retrieval technique, where C is the cooperativity parameter. We also derive the
optimal strategy for storage and, in particular, demonstrate that at any
detuning one can store, with the optimal efficiency of C/(1+C), any smooth
input mode satisfying T C gamma >> 1 and a certain class of resonant input
modes satisfying T C gamma ~ 1, where T is the duration of the input mode and 2
gamma is the transition linewidth. In the two subsequent papers of the series,
we present the full analysis of the free-space model and discuss the effects of
inhomogeneous broadening on photon storage.

Short TitlePhys. Rev. A