Realization of 1D Anyons with Arbitrary Statistical Phase

TitleRealization of 1D Anyons with Arbitrary Statistical Phase
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsKwan, J, Segura, P, Li, Y, Kim, S, Gorshkov, AV, Eckardt, A, Bakkali-Hassani, B, Greiner, M
Date Published6/2/2023

Low-dimensional quantum systems can host anyons, particles with exchange statistics that are neither bosonic nor fermionic. Despite indications of a wealth of exotic phenomena, the physics of anyons in one dimension (1D) remains largely unexplored. Here, we realize Abelian anyons in 1D with arbitrary exchange statistics using ultracold atoms in an optical lattice, where we engineer the statistical phase via a density-dependent Peierls phase. We explore the dynamical behavior of two anyons undergoing quantum walks, and observe the anyonic Hanbury Brown-Twiss effect, as well as the formation of bound states without on-site interactions. Once interactions are introduced, we observe spatially asymmetric transport in contrast to the symmetric dynamics of bosons and fermions. Our work forms the foundation for exploring the many-body behavior of 1D anyons.