Realizing Exactly Solvable SU(N) Magnets with Thermal Atoms

TitleRealizing Exactly Solvable SU(N) Magnets with Thermal Atoms
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsBeverland, ME, Alagic, G, Martin, MJ, Koller, AP, Rey, AM, Gorshkov, AV
JournalPhysical Review A
Date Published2016/05/06

We show that n thermal fermionic alkaline-earth-metal atoms in a flat-bottom trap allow one to robustly implement a spin model displaying two symmetries: the Sn symmetry that permutes atoms occupying different vibrational levels of the trap and the SU(N) symmetry associated with N nuclear spin states. The symmetries make the model exactly solvable, which, in turn, enables the analytic study of dynamical processes such as spin diffusion in this SU(N) system. We also show how to use this system to generate entangled states that allow for Heisenberg-limited metrology. This highly symmetric spin model should be experimentally realizable even when the vibrational levels are occupied according to a high-temperature thermal or an arbitrary nonthermal distribution.