Title | On the stability of solutions to Schrödinger's equation short of the adiabatic limit |

Publication Type | Journal Article |

Year of Publication | 2023 |

Authors | Bringewatt, J, Jarret, M, Mooney, TC |

Date Published | 3/23/2023 |

Abstract | We prove an adiabatic theorem that applies at timescales short of the adiabatic limit. Our proof analyzes the stability of solutions to Schrodinger's equation under perturbation. We directly characterize cross-subspace effects of perturbation, which are typically significantly less than suggested by the perturbation's operator norm. This stability has numerous consequences: we can (1) find timescales where the solution of Schrodinger's equation converges to the ground state of a block, (2) lower bound the convergence to the global ground state by demonstrating convergence to some other known quantum state, (3) guarantee faster convergence than the standard adiabatic theorem when the ground state of the perturbed Hamiltonian (H) is close to that of the unperturbed H, and (4) bound tunneling effects in terms of the global spectral gap when H is ``stoquastic'' (a Z-matrix). Our results apply to quantum annealing protocols with faster convergence than usually guaranteed by a standard adiabatic theorem. Our upper and lower bounds demonstrate that at timescales short of the adiabatic limit, subspace dynamics can dominate over global dynamics. Thus, we see that convergence to particular target states can be understood as the result of otherwise local dynamics. |

URL | https://arxiv.org/abs/2303.13478 |